Ramchal is great in Torah, Musar and Kabbalah

Ramchal is great in Torah, Musar and Kabbalah

Ramchal or Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto (1707-1747), he was born into a well-established family from Padua in Italy, but there is evidence that his family originated from Germany. He was a rabbi with rare abilities and also known as a poet, Kabbalist, man of morality and thought, playwright, writer, and Jewish-Italian researcher. Author of one of the fundamental books in Judaism today, Masilat Isharim. Born in Padua (Italy), to the family of Rabbi Jacob Chai Luzzato, who was a scholar and merchant in the community of Padua, and his mother Diamante - Ibn Chen From his childhood he studied the Torah from rabbis with great care, about sciences and languages ​​from teachers, for example, Rabbi Yitzchak Chaim Kantarini taught him Italian poetry and rhetoric and studied books of wisdom. From a young age, Rabbi Yeshayahu Basan was his outstanding rabbi. non-existent soul qualities. At a very young age he was introduced to the sages of Italy in his area and already in his youth he ran a beit midrash where young men studied Halacha and Kabbalah. And slowly he started to become famous as one of the greatest kabbalists of his day, certainly in Italy.

His special character in his time, precisely because he was an exception for the better in such a prominent way. But he lives in the background that the Jewish world has not yet recovered from the devastating sabbatical crisis that befell it only about 60 years ago. The disappointment of a young man, who won hearts and promised a supernatural redemption and finally converted his religion, still echoed in the space of Olam. The Ramchal was hurt out of false fear based on anxiety over the new expected crisis. In 1722, when the Ramchal was only fifteen years old, he left Padua and moved to Reggio Emilia in order to serve as the local rabbinate of his father-in-law Rabbi Binyamin HaCohen Vitali. With the departure of the rabbi in Asan, the Ramchal moved to study alone in his home, and joined a group of young people called "Mabakshi Ha'ah" who were engaged in studying the Holy Zohar together. Fahrmahal also became famous for his special talents, and it is said of him that at a young age he knew by heart the entire Babylonian Talmud, the writings of the Ari and the Zohar.

In 1726, the Ramchal received ordination to the rabbinate together with his older friend, Rabbi Moshe David Vali, and was placed at the head of the group of "Supplicants of God", and they set for themselves many special regulations for the order of learning in the Beit Madrasham. The Ramchal's group included Rabbi Moshe David Vali , Rabbi Yekutiel Gordon of Vilna, Rabbi Israel Hezekiah Travis, Rabbi Yitzchak Marini, Rabbi Yaakov Israel Hezekiah, Rabbi Shlomo Dina, Rabbi Michael Tierney, and Rabbi Yaakov Chaim Castiel Franco, all well-known scholars and kabbalists.

On Rosh Chodesh Sivan (May 21, 1727) Ramchal experienced a spiritual revelation of the Magid who was a voice without a figure who according to his description revealed many Kabbalistic secrets to him.
Ramchal's friend Rabbi Yekutiel Gordon shared the news about Ramchal's Maggid revelations with Rabbi Mordechai Yaffe, a wealthy scholar who lived in Vienna. In his letters to them, Gordon described the Hasidicity and holiness of the Ramchal, and attached to his letters excerpts from the "Zohar Tanyina" (Second Zohar) that the "Magid" revealed to the Ramchal. The rabbis of Venice turned to the Ramchal's rabbi, Rabbi Yeshayahu Bassan, who lives in Reggio, for his opinion on the revelation. The fee suit caused great excitement. The Ramchal, for his part, humbled himself and called all those wondering to come and wonder about our jar. In the month of Av (1730), they persuaded the Ramchal to deposit the box of his writings. The two keys to the box were deposited separately, one in the hands of his rabbi and one in the hands of the Beid of Venice. Also, the Ramchal was forced to declare under oath before the rabbis of Venice about canceling the revelations.

In 1731, the Ramchal married Tsofora Finzi, daughter of Rabbi David Finzi - the chief rabbi of Mantua. At the end of 1734, he turned to his rabbi in order to get permission and consent to print his book "The Article of the Debate" in Amsterdam, which is a book built in the form A debate intended to prove the truth of the Torah, but the rabbis of the court in Venice were incited against him and caused a scandal around the false claims and in particular claimed that the printing of the book was a violation of the oath. The Ramchal, for his part, refused all the accusations against him, and while he was in Frankfurt on his way to Amsterdam, he asked to meet with the rabbi of the city, Rabbi Yaakov Popresh Katz to prove his righteousness. Rabbi Popresh forced the Ramchal to admit before a court that he had violated his oath, and to swear on it a second time. From there the Ramchal continued and arrived in Amsterdam. Later, when the Ramchal was asked why he signed a false confession, he said that he knew that his life was in real danger if he did not sign. His belief was verified in a toll suit that was later found. reception. The court in Frankfurt did not give up on the opinion of its opponents, and they worked to rescue the box of books that remained in Italy. After deliberation, the ark of the books was sent from Padua to Rabbi Ya'akov Katz in Frankfurt, who condemned the writings to be buried and the few of them to be burned. In a letter to his rabbi, the Ramchal wrote that the burning of the ark was a decree from heaven and like the burning of a red heifer, and sometimes the Torah is forced to be burned instead of harming the spiritual soul of Jewish nation.

In 1743, the Ramchal immigrated to the Land of Israel with his wife and son. After anchoring in Acre, he established his residence there. The Ramchal Synagogue in Old Acre is attributed as the place of his sermon and prayer, and the same with regard to the location of his apartment. In the synagogue, a Torah scroll is displayed on deer skin, and it is claimed that it was written with ink made from a solution of pomegranate peels.
The Ramchal perished in the plague along with his wife and only son on the 26th of Iyer 1747. Only two facts remain about his stay in Israel. The first is a letter sent from Acre to his students in Europe on the 22nd Sunday of the month of Tammuz in the year 1747 (3 in July 1743).

The books of Rabbi Moshe Chaim Lozato:

Mesillat Yesharim- the Ramchal's most famous book. A moral book that presents a path of mental work for a person.                      Derekh HaShem - the book that talks about man's outlook and attitude towards the world by observing mitzvot.
The main article - a kind of extract from the book "Derech Hashem".
Derech Chochma - the purpose of studying Torah.
Derech Tvunot - structured guidance in studying the Talmud. The rules of logic are embedded in it.
Da'at Tevunot - discussions in Kabbalah. The book was written in non-Kabbalic language and edited as a dialogue between the soul and the mind.
Sefer HaHigayon ("The Book of Logic") lays out the correct way to think and analyze.
Kalh Pethai Chochma - presents the Ramchal's method in interpreting the reception of the Ari.
Milchamot HaShem ("The Wars of God") which defends Kabbalah against its detractors
Adir Bemarom - Commentary on the Great Adra, only the commentary to the first two pages of the Adra is found.
Upper dwellings - description of the Third Temple according to the Kabal



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