Rambam (Maimonides) רמב''ם

Rambam (Maimonides) רמב''ם

Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon (born: 1138, died: 20 Tevet, 13 December 1204), also referred to by the initials of Rambam (Arabic known as Musa ben Maimon or Ibn Abed Allah, and in the European languages ​​as Maimonides) was one of the greatest arbitrators of all generations, one of the most important philosophers of the Middle Ages, a man of clusters and a physician. It is said of him "from Moses to Moses he did not rise as Moses" and he was even crowned as "the great eagle". Maimonides held a distinct rationalist Mishnah that was expressed in his writings.

Maimonides' status as a judge is almost greater than that of another judge. His halakhic codex, "Mishneh Torah", encompasses almost exclusively all areas of Halakhah, and is a basic source in any halakhic discussion. , Based his essay "Shulchan Aruch" first and foremost on the rulings of Maimonides, which he listed as one of the three "teaching pillars". Although he did not compose a commentary on the Talmud, during the study of almost every Talmudic issue, the words of Maimonides, excerpts from his various writings, constitute an important source in understanding the issue.

Maimonides' letters in the field of thought influenced almost every Jewish thinker who followed him, from Rabbi Menachem Hameiri, Don Yitzchak Abarbanel, Baruch Spinoza, Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak HaCohen Kook, and Yeshayahu Leibowitz to Daniel Siboni and others. Jews such as Thomas Aquinas, Gottfried Leibniz, etc. In his book The Confused Teacher, Pope Honorius IV issued a letter of defense. 

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