RABaD - Rabbi Avraham ben David, the Torah commentator from Pushkira

RABaD - Rabbi Avraham ben David, the Torah commentator from Pushkira

Avraham ben David of Pushkeira - Rabad (about 1110 - 1198) was the rabbi of the community, a Talmud commentator and a Kabbal from Provence. His most famous compositions are his comprehensive critical comments on the Mishnah Torah of Rambam, which are printed alongside Rambam's text in almost all editions. He participated Also in written disputes with his younger contemporary, Rabbi Zarchia Halevi, in which he protested the laws of the RaIF (Rabbi Isaac al-Fasi). He wrote commentaries on the Talmud that are often quoted in the writings of the first, but most of them have been lost. Kabbalah grew out of his community in the 12th century, and the first Kabbalists say that his activity was central to that growth. Born in the city of Narbonne. During the first period of his life he lived in the city of Nimes in France, and later he lived and served as a rabbi and head of a Yeshiva in the city of Posquières in Provence (today Weber, France), which was called Kiryat Ya'arim by the Jews, and for which the "Rabbad of Kiryat Ya'rim" was called. At the end of the book "The Tribe of Yehuda" it is told Because a minister by the name of Elzod put the Rabbid in prison in the year 49842, and a year later, in the year 49943, this minister was taken prisoner during a war he waged with Count Roja of Carcassonne. This minister was exiled to Carcassonne where the Rabbi was staying at the time, when the author of "The Tribe of Yehuda" sees a private providence in that he saw the downfall of his opponent.

The Rabbi's greatness is most evident in his interpretations of Rambam, and that is why he is known as "the author of interpretations". He was well-versed in the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmud with an unsurpassed proficiency, Sefra and Seferi Makhilta and Tosefta, the Haggadah and Midrash and all the books of the Sages, and therefore he dared to obtain a copy of the Mishna Torah of the late Rambam, on the laws of Rabbi Elfs, and on Rabbi Zarakhia HaLevi, the author of the Ma'or.

In principle, the Rabbi's opinion was not comfortable with the quibbles of the Tosaf owners. He defines them in his answer to the sages in my sermon: "The new French who think in their hearts that they are the greatest heroes ever." In several places he attacks the "interpretations of the new French". In his catchphrases, he usually attacks his rivals with very harsh expressions, such as tail, kasil, shakur bekayo, and the like. Rabbi Baruch Ber Leibovitz gave a rumor that he received, according to which the reason the Rabbi used different harsh expressions is to reflect different strengths of error in the things he finds about them. Also in many places he swears to verify his words, in styles such as Chai Rashi or Taga Demelka or Maria Dabraham And similarly, in particular against the Reza who tried to reject the words of the Rabbi, the Reza responded to this and referred to the harsh expressions of the Rabbi in tractate Baba Metzia, chapter of the questioner (his words were presented in a grouped method there, page Tzach, page 2), and wrote to him: "But hear Please, even if you chant 'Taga Demelka' and 'Maria Dabraham' all day long, we don't hear you." Despite this, the Rabbad returned again and firmly established his opinion and his words in order to reconcile the words of the ancients. Before any conclusion about the Rambam's words, he opens his words with the words Avraham said:

1) Commentary on the Torah of the Priests - Torah of the Kohanim, (Baal Hut Yair mistakenly attributed it to another rabbi).
2) Commentary on the Babylonian Talmud. (i.e. Shah 3 8).
3) Something is forbidden, including legal prohibition and permission.
4) Prohibited rulings and the permit that he wrote before our rabbi is paid. (Maybe the above is a forbidden book).
5) Lulav Laws. (Consensus C. Rama'a).
6) Laws of taking hands.
7) Authorization sentence.
8) He wrote about the mitzvot that are currently practiced in Israel, and did it at the request of his friend Rabbi Asher bar Shaul.
9) Answers - הראב''ד שו''ת.
10) Sermon for the holiday of unleavened bread.                                               11) Baalei Nefesh - בעלי הנפש, divided into seven chapters, the first six chapters include the laws of marriage, and the seventh chapter includes matters of the sanctity of marriage, and is full of awe and morality.
12) "Ketub Shem", the interpretations of the Rabbinical Reza Baal HaMaor, the Rambam, and other sages; from him the copyists took the interpretations of the Rifna and the Rezana and put them in the book Tamim De'im, and the interpretations of the Rambam "m in Sefer Mishna Torah to the Maimonides; the book is called "Ketub Shem" because of the start of every word (cit. Tamim Daim and Haghagot on the Raza).
13) Misunderstandings about R. Yosef Ben Plath, and perhaps it is the book "Ketub Shem".
14) the heads of chapters of secrets, including for Kabbalah teachers.
15) A letter to Rabbi Shmuel HaCohen about the tefillin.




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