Hatam Sofer - Rabbi Moshe Sofer

Hatam Sofer - Rabbi Moshe Sofer

Hatam Sofer - Rabbi Moshe Sofer - was born in Frankfurt am Main on 7th Tishrei 1762 (1762) and died in Rashburg 25th Tishrei 1839 (1839). His father, Rabbi Shmuel, and his mother, Raizil, who was a relative of Ba'al Yalkot Shimoni, who was a descendant of Rashi. When he was nine years old, he moved to Rabbi Natan Adler's yeshiva, and when he was 13, he preached extensively on matters of Halacha. Shayer. In Minz, what is characteristic of a writer, even with his Torah studies, he also studied the natural sciences: mathematics and astronomy, Rabbi Natan Adler and Rabbi Mordechai Bennettanu gave him rabbinic ordination.
He married the daughter of Rabbi Moshe Yadavitz in Prosnitz. At first he refused to accept rabbinical positions, but due to lack of income he was forced to accept a rabbinical position in the city of Dreznitz, and in 1798 he was elected rabbi in the city of Matersdorf in Hungary, where he held a yeshiva. Hatam Sofer influenced the shaping of the ultra-Orthodox Jewish outlook in general, and the shaping of Hungarian Orthodoxy in particular. The father of the Sofer-Schreiber family, which had hundreds of descendants, including rabbis and Torah scholars of a high level.

In 1812, five years after he lived in Pressburg, his first wife died, and he married a second time to Sherl, the widow of Rabbi Avraham Moshe Kalisher and the daughter of Rabbi Akiva Iger. From this wife were born all his children, four sons (Abraham-Shmuel, Shimon, Yozefa, and Isaac Leib), and seven daughters (Hindel, Gitel, Yantel, Simcha, Raichel, Raizel and Esther). In 1832, Sherel died, and after a few years, Rabbi Moshe Sofer married Chaya, the widow of Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Heller of Alt-Open in Hungary.

Many of Hatam Sofer's Talmidim (students) founded yeshiva all over Hungary and served as rabbis in various communities. Not only the students of Hatam Sofer admired him and glorified his name, also well-known scholars such as Rabbi Mordechai Bennett, Rabbi Akiva Iger, Rabbi Ephraim Zalman Margaliot, Rabbi Moshe Mintz, and many others admired him, respected him and gave him a special halachic status. Jews from many communities in Central Europe - Austria, Ukraine, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia nowadays and many Jews from all over Europe asked questions about prohibition and permit laws and other matters. He is considered a final arbiter who can be trusted and followed by his rulings, and his rulings were accepted without any appeal in the communities of Hungary in particular, and the communities of Israel in general. The name of Hatham Sofer rose to fame in all the communities of Israel, and there were even gentile judges who sent him questions concerning Jewish law. Died in 1839 in Bratislava. A "tent" was erected on his grave in the Jewish cemetery, which is a pilgrimage site.

The books of our Rabbi Hatem Sofer:

1) Six-part "Hatam Sofer" report (Freshburg - 1855 1864)
2) "Hatam Sofer", innovations on the Shas
3) "Shirat Moshe"  Poems by the Kabbalah (ibid. 1857)
4) "Zsvaat Moshe" a moral stool for his sons and his descendants after him (Wien 1863)
5) "The Torah of Moses" commentary of the AH (Freshburg 1879-1895)
6) "Book of Remembrance" recounting his troubles which he suffered during the days when Phraeshburg was under siege during the French War (Darahbitsch 1896);
7) "Passover Haggadah" with its commentary (Vienna 1896)

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